Abbreviations commonly used in EMS Ultrasonography

from www.ParamedicUltrasound.com

 

2D 

two Dimensional (equivalent to B-mode and Real Time)

AA

Abdominal Aorta

AAA

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

A2C

Apical two Chamber (view)

A4C  

Apical four Chamber (view)

A5C 

Apical five Chamber (view) (aortic sinus of valsalva is the 5th)

AIUM

American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

ALARA

As Low As Reasonably Achievable (philosophy about exposure)

Ao

Aorta

AR  

Aortic Regurgitation

AS

Aortic Stenosis

ASD   

Atrial Septal Defect

ASE

American Society of Echocardiography

BART

Blue Away  / Red Towards (directional color Doppler default)

BLUE

Bedside Lung Ultrasound in Emergency (Protocol)

B-mode

Brightness mode (see 2D)

CAUSE   

Cardiac Arrest UltraSound Exam  (protocol)

CBD

Common Bile Duct

CCA

Common Carotid Artery

CFM 

Color Flow Mode

CHI

Coded Harmonic Imaging   (a feature to improve clarity)

CPD

Color Power Doppler (mode) shows low velocity flow but not direction

CW

Continuous Wave Doppler  (mode) used for high velocity ie AS >1.5 m/s

DCPD

Directional Color Power Doppler (mode)  classic red and blue

DTA

Descending Thoracic Aorta

EF

Ejection Fraction   10-30% severe,  30-50% moderate >50% Good

EFAST  

Extended Focused Assessment Sonography in Trauma  (protocol)

EPSS

E-point-to-septum separation

FASH

Focused Assessment with Sonography for HIV-associated TB (protocol)

FAST

Focused Assessment Sonography in Trauma (protocol)

FATE 

Focused Assessment Transthoracic Echocardiography (protocol)

FEER 

Focused Echocardiographic Evaluation in Resuscitation (protocol)

FOCUS

FOcused Cardiac UltraSound (protocol)

FRZ

Freeze (image control)

GB

Gall Bladder

HCUS

Hand-Carried UltraSound

IJ 

Internal Jugular vein

IUP

Intra Uterine Pregnancy

IVC 

Inferior Vena Cava   See a short clip

LA

Left Atria

LAMP

Locate, Align, Mark, Puncture (method to start IV)

LAP

Locate, Align, Puncture (method to start IV)

LV

Left Ventricle

LVEF

Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction  see EF

MCA

Middle Cerebral Artery

MHz

MegaHertz

MLF  

Median Lobar Fissure

M-mode

Motion mode

MR

Mitral Regurgitation

MS

Mitral Stenosis.

MVP

Mitral Valve Prolapse

ONSD

Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter

PE

Pulmonary Embolus / Pleural Effusion / Pericardial Effusion

PDA

Patent Ductus Arteriosis

P-FAST

Prehospital/Paramedic  Focused Assessment Sonography in Trauma (protocol)

PFO

Patent Foramen Ovale

PFAST

Prehospital Focused Assessment Sonography in Trauma

PMUS

Pocket Mobile UltraSound

PO

Physician Over-reader

POC

Point Of Care

POCUS

Point Of Care UltraSound

PSLA /PLAX

ParaSternal Long Axis (view)

PSSA/PSAX

ParaSternal Short Axis (view)

PTX 

Pneumothorax

PUCA

Paramedic Ultrasound in Cardiac Arrest  (a study ongoing across the pond)

PUS

Paramedic UltraSound (I don't like it either but it's out there)

PV

Portal Vein

RA

Right Atria

ROI

Region Of Interest

RUSH

Rapid Ultrasound in SHock

RV

Right Ventricle

SLS

Sliding Lung Sign

SMA

Superior Mesenteric Artery

SUBX

SUB Xyphoid (view)

SUSME

Society of UltraSound in Medical Education

TCD

TransCranial Doppler

TEE

TransEsophageal Echo

TUS

Thoracic UltraSound

TGC

Time Gain Compensation

THI

Tissue Harmonic Imaging

TTE

TransThroacic Echo

USCME

UltraSound Continuing Medical Education

USLS

UltraSound Life Support  (course)

UVJ

UreteroVescicular Junction  Have you ever seen a UVJ Jet? and another with color

VSD

Ventricular Septal Defect

WES

Wall Echo Shadow (sign)

WINFOCUS

World Interactive Network Focused On Critical Ultrasound (organization)